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Inductive Reasoning: The Twelve Disciples Revealed

© 2009-2016 by Dylan Stephens

Each Disciple discussed using each from the painting of the Last Supper by DaVinci

The synopsis of this is on YouTube: The second half of the Pesher of Christ Intro at Imagine if DaVinci did have a Code

Here are the relevant references in the Gospels and Acts for the Twelve Disciples:

Matthew's disciple list:

Matthew 10:2-4 "Now the names of the disciples are: the first, 1.Simon (who is called Peter) and 2.Andrew, his brother; 3.James, son of Zebedee and 4.John, his brother; 5.Philip and 6.Bartholomew; 7.Thomas and 8.Matthew the tax collector; 9.James son of Alphaeus, and 10.Lebbaeus, whose surname was Thaddaeus; 11.Simon the Canaanite and 12.Judas Iscariot, who betrayed him."

Mark's disciple list:

Mark 3:16-19 "1.And Simon (to whom he gave the name Peter); 2.James, son of Zebedee and 3.his brother John (to them he gave the name Boanerges, which means Sons of Thunder); And 4.Andrew, and 5.Philip, and 6.Bartholomew, and 7.Matthew, and 8.Thomas, and 9.James son of Alphaeus, and 10.Thaddaeus, and 11.Simon the Canaanite and 12.Judas Iscariot, who betrayed him."

Luke's disciple list:

Luke 6:14-16 "1.Simon (whom he named Peter), 2.his brother Andrew, 3.James and 4.John, 5.Philip and 6.Bartholomew, 7.Matthew and 8.Thomas, 9.James son of Alphaeus and 10.Simon who was called the Zealot, 11.Judas of James, and 12.Judas Iscariot, who became a traitor."

The disciple list of John must be taken from references:

John 1:40-46 "And one of the two who heard John speak and followed him was 1.Andrew, Simon Peter's brother. Andrew first finds his own brother 2.Simon ... When Jesus saw him, he said, "You are Simon son of Jona, thou shall be called Cephas, which is interpreted a rock: Petros. The day following Jesus would go forth into Galilee and finds 3.Philip. Philip finds 4.Nathanael
John 2:3 "There was a man of the Pharisees named 5.Nicodemus, ruler of the Jews"
John 7:50,51 "Nicodemus said unto them, (he that came to Jesus by night, being one of them,) 'Does our law judge any man, before it hear him, and know what he does?'"
John 19:39 "And Nicodemus also came -- who came unto Jesus by night at the first -- bearing a mixture of myrrh and aloes, as it were, a hundred pounds."
John 14:22 "Judas, not Iscariot "
John 13:2 6."Judas Iscariot, 7.Simon's son"
John 13:23 "Now there was leaning on Jesus' breast of his disciples whom Jesus loved"
John 20:2 "She (Mary Magdalene) ran, therefore, and came unto Simon Peter, and unto the other disciple whom Jesus loved, and said to them, 'They took away the Lord out of the tomb, and we have not known where they laid him.'"
John 21:7 "That disciple, therefore, whom Jesus loved, said to Peter, 'It is the Lord!'"
John 20:14 9."Thomas, one of the twelve called Didymus."
John 21:2 "There were together Simon Peter, and Thomas who is called Didymus, and Nathanael from Cana of Galilee, and 10.;11.the sons of Zebedee, and two others of his disciples."
Gospel of Peter verse 60 "But I, Simon Peter and Andrew my brother, took our nets and went to the sea ; and there was with us Levi the son of Alphaeus, whom the Lord . . . "

The disciple list from Acts:

Acts 1:13 Those present were 1.Peter, 2.John, 3.James and 4.Andrew; 5.Philip and 6.Thomas, 7.Bartholomew and 8.Matthew; 9.James son of Alphaeus and 10Simon the Zealot, and 11.Judas son of James.
Acts 1:23,26 So they proposed two men: Joseph called Barsabbas (also known as Justus) and Matthias. The lot fell to 12.Matthias; so he was added to the eleven apostles.
Clementine Recognitions R.60.55 "After him Barnabas, who also is called Matthias, who was substituted as an apostle in the place of Judas"

Reference lists of Levi (James son of Alphaeus) and Matthew (Matthew the tax collector) from Gospels:

Mark 2:14 "And as he passed by, he saw Levi the son of Alphaeus sitting at the receipt of custom, and said unto him, Follow me. And he arose and followed him."
Luke 5:27 "And after these things he went forth, and saw a publican, named Levi, sitting at the receipt of custom: and he said unto him, Follow me."
Luke 5:29 "And Levi made him a great feast in his own house: and there was a great company of publicans and of others that sat down with them."
Matthew 9:9 "And as Jesus passed forth from thence, he saw a man, named Matthew, sitting at the receipt of custom: and he said unto him, Follow me. And he arose, and followed him."

Reference lists showing that Simon, Lazarus (Simon raised from the dead),
and Simon the Leper (Simon unclean) were all the same Simon Magus and it was his house.
Both Martha and Mary were there.

Luke 7:36 "Now one of the Pharisees invited Jesus to have dinner with him, so he went to the Pharisee's house and reclined at the table." ...
Luke 7:40 "And Jesus answering said unto him, 'Simon, I have something to say to thee;' and he said, 'Teacher, say on.'" ...
Luke 7:43 "And Simon answering said, `I suppose that to whom he forgave the more;' and he said to him, `Rightly thou did judge.'"
Luke 7:44 "And he turned to the woman, and said unto 'Simon, See you this woman? I entered into thine house, you gave me no water for my feet: but she has washed my feet with tears, and wiped them with the hairs of her head.'"
John 11:1,2 "Now a certain man was sick, named Lazarus, of Bethany the town of Mary (Magdalene) and Martha, her sister. (It was that Mary who anointed the Lord with ointment and wiped his feet with her hair, whose brother Lazarus was sick.)."
John 12:1 "Six days before the Passover, Jesus came to Bethany, where Lazarus lived, whom Jesus had raised from the dead."
John 12:2 "There they made him a supper; and Martha served: but Lazarus was one of them that sat at the table with him."
John 12:3 "Then took Mary a pound of ointment of spikenard, very costly, and anointed the feet of Jesus, and wiped his feet with her hair: and the house was filled with the odor of the ointment"
Matthew 26:6 "Now when Jesus was in Bethany, in the house of Simon the leper, there came unto him a woman having an alabaster box of very precious ointment, and poured it on his head, as he sat at meat."
Mark 14:3 "And he, being in Bethany, in the house of Simon the leper, at his reclining (at meat), there came a woman having an alabaster box of ointment,"

Reference lists showing that Simon of Cyrene is Simon and was crucified with Jesus

Matthew 27:32 "And coming forth, they found a man, a Cyrenian, by name Simon: him they impressed that he might bear his cross;"
Mark 15:21 "And they impress a certain one passing by -- Simon, a Cyrenian, coming from the field, the father of Alexander and Rufus -- that he may bear his cross,"

Merged disciple lists from Gospels and Acts:
(number is order of appearance; 'footnote number' further explanation)

Matthew MarkLukeJohnActs
011. the first, Simon (who is called Peter)11.Simon (to whom he gave the name Peter)11.Simon (whom he named Peter)1 Andrew first finds his own brother Simon ... When Jesus saw him, he said, "You are 2.Simon son of Jona, thou shall be called Cephas, which is interpreted a rock: Petros (Peter)."1Those present were 1.Peter1
022. Andrew his brother, 4.Andrew2.his brother AndrewAnd one of the two who heard John speak and followed him was
1.Andrew, Simon Peter's brother
033. James22.James, son of Zebedee23.James210.the sons of Zebedee23.James2
044. John, his brother23.his brother John2 4.John211.the sons of Zebedee22.John2
055. Philip35.Philip35.Philip3The day following Jesus would go forth into Galilee and finds 3.Philip35.Philip 3
066. Bartholomew4,6.Bartholomew46.Bartholomew4"Now there was leaning on Jesus' breast of his disciples whom Jesus loved47.Bartholomew4
079.James the son of Alphaeus79.James the son of Alphaeus79.James the son of Alphaeus74.Nathanael7
9.James the son of Alphaeus7
088.Matthew the tax collector5 7.Matthew57.Matthew58.Matthew5
097.Thomas6, and8.Thomas68.Thomas69.Thomas, one of the twelve called Didymus66.Thomas6
1010.Lebbaeus, whose surname was Thaddaeus810.Thaddaeus810.Judas of James85.Nicodemus810.Judas of James8
1111.Simon the Canaanite911.Simon the Canaanite911.Simon who was called the Zealot9 Lazarus911.Simon the Canaanite9
1212.Judas Iscariot, who betrayed him10.12.Judas Iscariot, who betrayed him1012.Judas Iscariot, who became a traitor106.Judas Iscariot10The lot fell to 12.Matthias (Barnabas)11
1 Protos ('Protos', freed-man of Bernice, Agrippa's mother - being corrected interpreted by the translator Whiston as Peter)
2 James and John are twins having the names Niceta and Aquila. Their step-father Zebedee is Simon Magus. (See the Clementines)
3Philp "He had four unmarried daughters who prophesied." Acts 21:9
4 Bartholomew is the disciple Jesus loved; his real name appears in Acts 12:12 "John, who is surnamed Mark"; his further identity as Eutychus is in the story in Acts 20:7-12 who fell down and was brought back to life by Paul (a metaphor for his return to the Faith) which also connects him to the charioteer of Agrippa in Josephus who informed on his comments with Nero against Claudius that sent Herod Agrippa to prison.
5 Matthew is humorously called as a tax collector of Rome, although a Sadducee priest second to Jonathan Annas, and missing from John.
6 Thomas is known as Didymus (twin). Twin referring his being the deposed Herod like Esau to Jacob who stole the inheritance.
7 James son of Alphaeus (Annas the High Priest), a Sadducee priest is obscure and why is he is Nathanael in the Gospel of John.
8 Thaddaeus appears to be the same as Thaddaeus and Lebbaeus whose surname was Thaddaeus. His title as "Judas of James" means a subordinate to James son of Alphaeus (Jonathan Annas.) Real name is Theudas also he is Nicodemus who revived Jesus after the Crucifixion in John 19:39.
9 Simon is hardly mentioned and declared as a Zealot! Equated to Simon of Cyrene
Also the excommunicated Lazarus portrayed as being the brother of Mary Magdalene and Martha, He appears to have importance in the large amount of text devoted to him and his presence with Jesus at supper.
And in "Judas Iscariot, Simon's son" (John 6:71; 12:4; 13:2) showing that Judas is the subordinate of Simon Magus
10 The Iscariot part of Judas's name, sounds like "Sicarii, the name given by the historian Josephus who described a group of Zealots who would hide curved daggers in their cloaks to assassinate people by hiding in crowds.
11 Matthias is Barnabas (Clementines R.1.60); full name Joseph Barnabas Acts 4:36-37) Barnabas is a corrupted son of Sabbas (Barsabas): All of Jesus' brothers and Jesus himself are last name Barsabbas because their father Joseph is Joseph Sabbas.

Each Disciple discussed using each from the painting of the Last Supper by DaVinci:

Andrew and Peter usually appear together and the scholars believe that they are brothers and fishermen. It appears that they were only brothers as in a monastery. The term fishermen is not as literal as they reenacted the Noah's ark story, having the job of fishing new Gentile converts from the sea. Baptism in salt water being the first step to becoming an initiate and initially the only one for Gentiles. The logic was that Noah could save the non-Jews as he was the father of all the races. Later, through the efforts of Jesus, Gentiles would be allowed baptism in fresh water and for those who qualified for presence at the holy table with its wine. (Thus the metaphor of turning water into wine.)

Andrew was the first to leave John the Baptist for Jesus. Since there is no mention of his exploits in Acts, it is quite possible that he followed his own path as shown in the Acts of Andrew.

James and John almost always occur together and this was because they were twins. Strangely, the Gospel of John does not mention either of them by name.They are called sons of Zebedee and Zebedee turns out to be Simon Magus. Their histories can be found in the Clementine Recognitions & Homilies. In these differently derived works which are shunned by the Church, their full names are James Niceta and John Aquila, illegitimate children related to the Emperors of Rome. They were adopted by Helena, the mother of Mary Magdalene. Helena was consort to Simon Magus who was their step-father Zebedee. John Aquila and his wife Priscilla were chaperones at Paul's marriage to Jesus' daughter Tamar-Phoebe. Their younger brother Clement was the first Pope after Peter.

The derivation of Bartholomew has a "bar" on front of that name makes him "son of Tholomew" which is clearly "son of Ptolemy" which places him from Alexandria, Egypt. He can be associated with Eutychus The Centurion's Servant (similar to the Nobleman's son in the John: Healing from a distance.) being a freedman of Herod Agrippa was probably originally from there, In the Works of Philo Judaeus "On The Contemplative Life" section III, Philo talks about Therapeuts (Therapeutae) from Alexandria who practiced the art of healing. He was the stand-in for Jesus at male affairs like the Last Supper, so he was the object of his affection to Mary Magdalene, thus "the disciple that Jesus' loved" (John 13:23). Clearly, the charge that Jesus gave to the "disciple who he loved", which he spoke from the cross, to look after Mary Magdalene, the mother of his child in the womb in John 19:26,27 was followed. He also watched over Mother Mary in Ephesus.

There is certainly confusion in Church History about two Johns. The John on Patmos who wrote Revelation is John the brother of James. In Acts as John Mark, he accompanies Barnabas and Paul on their first missionary journey, When Mary Magdalene divorced Jesus, he left with her, but returned after her death.

Finally, there is Philip whose claim to fame is the "Gospel of Philip". which implies that Mary Magdalene and Jesus were married. He is also mentioned as having "four unmarried daughters, who prophesied" (Acts 21:8-9). One of these was Mary Magdalene, she having left Jesus in the Schism of the Churches along with John Mark, who returned later after her death in 58 AD. She of course knew the true story that Papias told (Eusebius, Fragments Of Papias, Church History XXXIX 8-10) that Jesus did not die on the cross:
"It is worth while however to add to the words of Papias given above other passages from him, in which he records some other wonderful events likewise, as having come down to him by tradition. That Philip the Apostle resided in Hierapolis with his daughters has been already stated; but how Papias, their contemporary, relates that he had heard a marvellous tale from the daughters of Philip, must be noted here. For he relates that in his time a man rose from the dead, and again he gives another wonderful story about Justus who was surnamed Barsabas, how that he drank a deadly poison, and yet, by the grace of the Lord, suffered no inconvenience. Of this Justus the Book of the Acts records that after the ascension of the Saviour the holy Apostles put him forward with Matthias, and prayed for the (right) choice, in place of the traitor Judas, that should make their number complete. The passage is somewhat as follows; And they put forward two, Joseph, called Barsabas, who was surnamed Justus, and Matthias."

Peter is shown to be Protos, a freedman of Bernice, Agrippa's mother in:
Josephus Antiquities 18.6.3 "So he (Agrippa) was reduced to the utmost necessity, and came to Ptolemais; and because he knew not where else to get a livelihood, he thought to sail to Italy; but as he was restrained from so doing by want of money, he desired Marsyas, who was his freed-man, to find some method for procuring him so much as he wanted for that purpose, by borrowing such a sum of some person or other. So Marsyas desired of Peter (Protos meaning first one), who was the freed-man of Bernice, Agrippa's mother, and by the right of her testament was bequeathed to Antonia, to lend so much upon Agrippa's own bond and security; but he accused Agrippa of having defrauded him of certain sums of money, and so obliged Marsyas, when he made the bond of twenty thousand Attic drachmae, to accept of twenty-five hundred drachma as less than what he desired, which the other allowed of, because he could not help it."

Judas certainly needs no introduction except to note the the description of him hanging himself for 30 pieces of silver (Matthew 27:3-10) is not exactly correct as what is meant is that his betrayal did not save him from the cross. His death was later, when he was hurled out of the cave after being taken down from the cross, half alive (Acts 1:16-20).

Judas certainly needs no introduction except to note the the description of him hanging himself for 30 pieces of silver (Matthew 27:3-10) is not exactly correct as what is meant is that his betrayal did not save him from the cross. His death was later, when he was hurled out of the cave after being taken down from the cross, half alive (Acts 1:16-20).

Thomas is well-known, being the "doubting Thomas" and having the Gospel of Thomas and the Acts of Thomas, but his identity is very intriguing. He is called Didymus meaning twin. This is a Biblical reference to Esau and Jacob where Jacob stole Esau's inheritance. Herod the Great had promised the kingship to Thomas, but when his mother was implicated in a plot to kill Herod, he was dispossessed. (Josephus, Antiquities 17, 77-78, Josephus, Wars 1, 600). He is referred by Josephus as Herod. Another Herod called Antipas persuaded Herod-Thomas' wife to marry him which meant that Herod Antipas divorced his wife which started a small war (Josephus, Antiquities 18: 109-115). More importantly for Christianity, it led to the death of John the Baptist who opposed the marriage. (Mark 6:17-29 note: Herodias is incorrectly called another Herod Philip's wife). Salome who danced for Herod was actually Thomas's son. He was important to Jesus because he actually did not mind about losing his wife because he was gay and therefore was still on good terms with Antipas Herod, who was the ruler of Galilee.

Since James son of Alphaeus does not appear in the Gospel of John and neither does Bartholomew and in fact neither do James and John by name, scholars are confused, not knowing whether to assign him with James brother of John or James the brother of Jesus. Actually it is neither. The clue in deciphering who he is is that he is reporting to an Alphaeus person. By the first part being the Greek letter ‘alpha’ must refer to the “top guy”. In fact Alphaeus is standing for Annas the High Priest. (See Annas High Priests of the New Testament with references from Josephus

Since "James son of Alphaeus" does not appear in the Gospel of John and, with "Nathanael" appearing fourth in the Gospel of John, he would be a good candidate for James son of Alphaeus:
John 1:43-51 & John 21:2. The name Nathanael means “God has given” which is similar to Jonathan “gift of God”. Jonathan was the son of Saul, king of Israel, of the tribe of Benjamin. Some scholars say that Jonathan was gay and had a crush on David. who was the friend of King David. Given that that Jonathan was the prince, son of King Saul, and David took his title by marrying his sister, this tells us quite a bit about the relationship of “James son of Alphaeus” to Jesus who was in the lineage of David. It would also explain why he was later called “Stephanos” meaning crown making him that same martyred Stephen.

Next we will look at Matthew being maligned as a Roman tax collector. (This is actually a pun for Sadducee priest because they collected the church tithes.) The Levi in Mark 2:14 & Luke 5:27 is Jonathan Annas as, Levi, son of Alphaeus, a tax collector and a publican who was called to follow Jesus. Incidentally, the Encyclopedia also states that "The fact of one man having two names is of frequent occurrence among the Jews." Here is the true connection with tax collector: (Hebrews 7:5): "And those descendants of Levi who receive the priestly office have a commandment in the law to take tithes from the people, that is, from their brothers, though these also are descended from Abraham." This is again an example of an obvious explanation of tax collector overlooked by experts that makes Matthew (Levi), not a forgiven hated tax collector of the Romans, but a tax collector of the Church and in fact a priest of the priestly tribe of Levi.

Theudas was their military leader of the Therapeuts.who fought with Judas the Galilean in the Zealot revolt of 6AD. his name Nicodemus means victory for the people. (See Sadduc (Zadoc), the Pharisee The name "Zadoc" is associated with the first high priest in Solomon's temple, indicating that Theudas was a Zealot priest..) He used his healing arts to purge the poison from Jesus after he fainted on the cross. The purpose of the poison was to make Jesus appear to be dead, so that he could be taken down from the cross. It was considered that he as was too old as Barabbas (son of the Abbot) their war hero to be up on the cross so Jesus was substituted. Note that Simon Bar-Kokhba zealot had a similar “bar” "Judas son of James" is easily associated with Thaddaeus in the list of twelve as James is James James son of Alphaeus who was his superior Jonathan Annas the son of the High Priest Annas. He is misnamed as list of the Seventy Disciples as Jude from “Judas, not Iscariot” in the Gospel of John at the Last Supper. Then Thaddaeus was clearly filling the slot just left by Judas Iscariot who left the Last Supper to betray Jesus.

Thaddaeus was a subordinate of Simon Magus in verse Mark 15:21 "And they impress a certain one passing by -- Simon, a Cyrenian, coming from the field, the father of Alexander and Rufus -- that he may bear his cross,", thus he id Alexander from Alexandria and Rufus is Thomas

Simon Magus

Let's start with Simon, the Zealot/Canaanite. What do the religious scholars and ecclesiastics know about him? Almost nothing, even though the Church canonized him as a saint! The Church would be surprised to learn that he was the thirteenth of the group of twelve that included Jesus and as their leader was the would certainly place him by importance on the center cross between Judas and Jesus. However, it is likely that given Pilate's obsession with giving Jesus the title of King of the Jews, he would have placed Jesus in the center.

“How can this be?”, you will cry out. The answer is firstly that the New Testament was the book about Jesus, so clearly Jesus had to be the hero. Secondly, the Church of Peter and Paul broke with the Church of Simon so that even his name had to be vilified. i.e. “the beast of 666” in Revelation.

Let us suppose that we do not know this inside knowledge and set about to figure out his identity via the "Pesher of Christ"™ method. Looking at all the references to Simon in the New Testament and excluding all those that refer to Simon Peter and to Simon who was Jesus’ brother we have some pretty good information about him.

Firstly, we need to realize that the Dead Sea Scrolls found in 1947 have confirmed that an Essene-like Jewish Church had existed before Jesus (even as the dating dispute rages on). Thus when it is said that so-and-so is a brother, sister, mother, or father, forget what you have been told and think about the fact that these members are in a monastic order and a religious community! If I were in one, then clearly my priest would be my father, my mother would be mother superior, my brother or sister would be an equal member of the community with me. Tell me is that so hard for those so-called scholars and ecclesiastics to understand! How many times must I see the statement that Andrew is Peter’s brother by blood! And what does “brother” tell you? It tells you that Andrew is on the same level as Peter, nothing more. Also, the concept of “son of” implies that this person is his superior by the same standard.

Of course, when commoners use the word son or brother as in Mark 6:3 “Is not this the carpenter, the son of Mary and brother of James and Joses and Judas and Simon” then these are the actual sons of the Mary, that same “Virgin” Mary who gave birth to Jesus.

Secondly, the Church in the Councils of Nicaea and by other edicts forbid the use of all other religious writings, other gospels and apocrypha, and historical writings which ironically would have explained much of the vagueness of the New Testament. Such a ban on these works can no longer stop us because the wealth of material in the Nag Hammadi books found in 1945 is much too tantalizing, such as the Gospel of Thomas and Philip.

With just these two principles, we can discover so much more than two millenniums of scholars and ecclesiastics were able to find out about Simon. We could start by looking at the Clementine Recognitions and Homilies and suddenly we have an overwhelming wealth of knowledge about Simon whose partner Helena (Luna) adopted James and John. James and John are twins who were illegitimate sons of a wealthy Roman who were sent away. This explains why they are almost always linked together. About Simon we learn that he is a magician and that he managed to take the leadership of a group that John the Baptist controlled after his death. It shows him in a contest between Peter as to who could control the hearts and minds of the followers. Next, we can look at the “Acts of Peter” where Peter causes Simon to fall during one of his flying magic acts. This is commemorated by a plaque in the Francesca Romana Church near the Coliseum in Rome.

From this we learn that he was a zealot which meant that he opposed Roman domination of Israel and Jerusalem by force of arms, violence, and poison. The Zealots were responsible for the destruction of the temple of Jerusalem when the Romans put them down. Obviously, with these credentials the Church could not make Simon a saint, so they just say he was "zealous" in the faith, but the word zealot had a distinct meaning in those times.

Mark 14:3 “And while he was at Bethany in the house of Simon the leper, as he sat at table, a woman came with an alabaster flask of ointment of pure nard, very costly, and she broke the flask and poured it over his head.”

Just a second here! Bethany and the house of a leper? Firstly, a real leper is not likely to be living or owning a house, but would be outcaste from society. Secondly, isn’t Mary, Martha, and Lazarus from Bethany and isn’t this Mary Magdalene? Perhaps, we need to see that this house is a Church and Simon is the superior of the mother and Mary and Martha. How is it that he became a leper? Perhaps this is a metaphor for having been knocked down a peg or two in the Church for misdeeds. Now if we take a small leap of faith perhaps Lazarus who is dead and in a tomb is this same Simon who is now in even more trouble with the Church. This also would explain who Martha is, namely Helena. Note that Jesus is consorting with him. Perhaps this is why he was crucified with Simon.

John 13:26 Jesus answered, "It is he to whom I shall give this morsel when I have dipped it." So when he had dipped the morsel, he gave it to Judas Iscariot, Simon's son.

Judas Iscariot, son of Simon, means Simon is his superior, that would clearly not be Peter. All right, now we have a good idea why Judas ended up on the cross with Simon and Jesus even though he tried to get in the good graces of Pilate by betraying Jesus.

Mark 15:21 And they compelled a passer-by, Simon of Cyrene, who was coming in from the country, the father of Alexander and Rufus, to carry his cross.

Luke 23:26 And as they led him away, they seized one Simon of Cyrene, who was coming in from the country, and laid on him the cross, to carry it behind Jesus.

Now isn’t this interesting, another Simon? Not really, it is certainly Simon. Cyrene is one of those far away provinces of the Church in Libya, clearly similar to “leper” or “dead”. Also, we now know that Alexander and Rufus were under him. Since the words are pretending to be about a very different Simon, it would not be good to name two apostles directly so they are riddles. The second one is Thomas, often called the twin because he was denied his kingly inheritance by King Herod just as Esau was denied his inheritance by Jacob and Esau who had red hair. (Quite mouthful, but right on the nose. You see they read the Old Testament a lot! They were a church!). The first one was Thaddaeus the leader of the Therapeuts from Alexandria. (This will be discussed shortly. I will need a whole other document on him because he is confused by some scholars to be also Jude.)

Acts 8:9 But there was a man named Simon who had previously practiced magic in the city and amazed the nation of Samaria, saying that he himself was somebody great.

Obviously, Simon again, confirming the Clementines.

Acts 8:13 Even Simon himself believed, and after being baptized he continued with Philip. And seeing signs and great miracles performed, he was amazed. Acts 8:18 Now when Simon saw that the Spirit was given through the laying on of the apostles' hands, he offered them money, Acts 8:24 And Simon answered, "Pray for me to the Lord, that nothing of what you have said may come upon me."

This is a dispute over the issue of indulgences, charging people for remission of sins. Simon wanted to charge. Obviously, if the Church hadn’t taken Simon’s idea later on there would not have been the Protestant Reformation.

Acts 10:5 And now send men to Joppa, and bring one Simon who is called Peter; Acts 10:6 he is lodging with Simon, a tanner, whose house is by the seaside."

I do not know what “tanner” means except maybe that he fleeces his followers. But he has a house on the seaside and Peter is there. Sounds like he is in a church and of still of higher station than Peter.

Codex 7,2 in the “Nag Hammadi Library” titled “The Second Treatise of the Great Seth”. “Yes, they saw me; they punished me. It was another, their father, who drank the gall and the vinegar; it was not I. They struck me with the reed; it was another, Simon, who bore the cross on his shoulder. I was another upon whom they placed the crown of thorns. But I was rejoicing in the height over all the wealth of the archons and the offspring of their error, of their empty glory. And I was laughing at their ignorance.”

As to Matthias Acts 1:23,26, the replacement for Judas Iscariot, the clue lies with whom they passed up namely Joseph called Barsabbas (also known as Justus). There is the "bar" meaning son of "Sabbas". In Acts 15:22 it says "They sent Judas called Barsab'bas, and Silas". Now this is interesting for do you recall Matt 13:55 "Is not this the carpenter's son? Is not his mother called Mary? And are not his brothers James and Joseph and Simon and Judas?" And Mark 6:3 "Is not this the carpenter's son? Is not his mother called Mary? And are not his brothers James and Joses and Juda and Simon". So there they are: Joseph(Joses) and Judas called Barsabbas, thus as the sons of "Sabbas" we learn the family name of Joseph the father of Jesus, James, Joses, Judas and Simon. (The juxtaposition of Judas and Silas in Acts 15:22 above is also a clue that Silas is Simon.) Now this is still a bit tricky as James is also is Joseph, here we a given another clue in the text with the word Justus which is used for crown prince. Thus since James is the younger brother of Jesus, he would be the crown prince until Jesus had a son so clearly this Joseph Barsabbas is James. There is quite a bit of background on this which is too complicated to cover here, but let us just say that there was alot of sibling rivalry between them, thus he was passed over. Now if we follow the logic that the group was looking for a representative for Jesus who was going back to the celibate life in the monastery having survived the crucifixion, then perhaps it was the next son they picked: Joses. Recognitions of Clement 1,60 tell us that Matthias was Barnabas. In Acts 4:36, Barnabas is shown to have a first name Joseph! Thus we conclude that Matthias is Joses Barnabas, Jesus' next younger brother from James. This is quite a revelation from Matthias the unknown one that people ask why they even bothered with this election.

It becomes apparent that the order of the apostles is significant. With the top apostle being Peter, it would be assumed that the top down order has significance to Jesus. With the exception of Acts where Thomas moves up to the position six, certainly the top six in the list are directly under Jesus. They are Simon Peter, Andrew, James, John, Philip, and Bartholomew.

However, perhaps the reverse order, bottom to top, could also be of importance in the hierarchy of the current organization that Jesus belonged to. Also, considering that the top hierarchy needed to be protected from being captured by Rome, their names would be probably be in code and that may explain why some of them are so obscure.

In reverse order we have Judas Iscariot, Thaddaeus, and Simon as the top three and there they are: candidates for the three crosses!

In review, the twelve apostles are in two groups of six.

The top group report to Jesus:

1. Peter
2. Andrew (not a relation)
3. & 4. James and John (twin illegitimate sons of a Roman noble - The Clementine Homilies - see above)
5. Philip (He has his own gospel - Nag Hammadi Library)
6. Bartholomew (The beloved disciple, John who wrote the Gospel of John)

The bottom group report to "Alphaeus" whoever was the top "Pope" at the time. These are the top groups superiors (sorry to have to report that Jesus reported to them):

The top leaders:
1. Simon (the leader, Alphaeus)
2. Judas Iscariot (a top wanna-be) (replaced by Joses-Barnabas, Jesus' next younger brother from James)
3. Thaddaeus (also Barabbas)
The substitute leaders:
4. James son of Alphaeus, Sadducee (top wanna-be: Stephanos (Stephen), the crown)
5. Matthew, Sadducee, (a Levite position who wrote the Gospel Of Matthew)
6. Thomas (the twin, a dispossessed Herod prince. He has his own gospel - Nag Hammadi Library - see above)
Next:Seventy Disciples or Index